Source: E-mail dt.19.11.2012
Assistant Professor, Department of management Studies,
Dhanalakshmi Srinivasan College of Arts & Science for Women, Perambalur,
“Winning isn’t everything, but wanting to win is........”.Motivation is the answer to the question “Why we do what we do?”. “M motivates P” Motivator motivates the Person. It is one of most important duty of an entrepreneur to motivate people. We strongly believe that motivating people with visionary and shared goals is more favorable than motivating through tactics, incentives or manipulation through simple carrot and stick approaches because motivating with vision is natural whereas the former is artificial and ephemeral. Self-motivation comes from meeting life’s challenges vigorously. Don’t numb to your trials and difficulties, nor build mental walls to exclude pain from your life. You will find peace not in denial, but in victory. “the motivation is power Emergency department (ED) visits present an opportunity to deliver brief interventions (BIs) to reduce violence and alcohol misuse among urban adolescents at risk for future injury. Encourage Candidates to Discuss Specific Experiences and Accomplishments, Determine Which Questions to Ask Candidates Use Follow-up Tools with Candidates, Improve the Quality of the Workforce Through More Effective Interviewing, Use an Interviewing Framework to Master the Interviewing Process, Develop a System of Behavioral Questions that Gathers Useful Information. This motivation is interesting because investigations the influence of factors, such as social loafing, is vital to understanding differing levels of individual contribution, team dynamics, and group performance as a collective pursues its goals.
Motivation, interview, group, goals, skills
Motivation is tremendously complex, and what has been unraveled with any degree assurance is small indeed. But the dismal ratio of knowledge to speculation has not depended the enthusiasm for new forms of snake oil that are constantly coming on the market, many of them with academic testimonials.
Motivational interviewing is a semi-directive, client-centered counseling style for eliciting behavior change by helping clients to explore and resolve ambivalence. Compared with non-directive counseling, it's more focused and goal-directed. Motivational Interviewing is a method that works on facilitating and engaging intrinsic motivation within the client in order to change behavior.
Motivational interviewing is considered to be both client-centered and semi-directive. It departs from traditional Rogerian client-centered therapy through this use of direction, in which therapists attempt to influence clients to consider making changes, rather than non-directively explore themselves.
MEANING OF MOTIVATION:
The term ‘motivativation’ originally is organized from the Latin word ‘movere’ which means ‘to move’. It is derived from the word ‘motive’. A motive is an inner state that energies, activates and directs behaviour toward goals. Motive is always internal to use and is externalized via behavior. Thus the motivation is one’s willingness to exert efforts towards the accomplishment of his/her goals.
Ten stages and processes
PRE- INTERVIEW PREPARATIONS:
1. Be well prepared.
2. Develop a positive attitude towards life.
3. Always maintain this positive attitude throughout life, come what may.
4. Develop good habits from the earliest.
5. Make speaking truthfully and frankly a way of life.
The spirit of motivational interviewing
We believe it is vital to distinguish between the spirit of motivational interviewing and techniques that we have recommended to manifest that spirit. Clinicians and trainers who become too focused on matters of technique can lose sight of the spirit and style that are central to the approach. There are as many variations in technique there are clinical encounters. The spirit of the method, however, is move enduring and can be characterized in a few key points.
Motivational Interviewing Principles, Strategies, and Skills
Motivational interviewing is a directive, client-centered counseling style for eliciting behaviour change by helping clients to explore and resolve ambivalence. It is most centrally defined not by technique but by its spirit as a facilitative style for interpersonal relationship.
How the “spirit” of motivational interviewing is used to encourage behavior change such as increased physical activity?
1. Staff help participants identify their own values and goals to evoke motivation to change.
2. It is the participant’s responsibility to articulate the costs and benefits of taking on new activities or changing behaviors. The staff task is to facilitate discussion of both sides of the dilemma and guide participant toward a resolution of the ambivalence, hopefully in a positive direction.
3. Direct persuasion, advice giving, argumentation, and aggressive confrontation are avoided as
Methods to encourage change. While there is a place for advice-giving when a participant asks
For suggestions, motivational interviewing is based on an eliciting style.
4. Staff must be very attentive and responsive to participant’s motivational signals in order to
Support but not push for change. If a participant makes comments that imply resistance, that
May be a sign that a staff member has assumed greater participant readiness to make a change
Than is the reality.
5. The relationship between staff and participant is a partnership, with the staff respecting each
participant’s freedom to make choices, regardless of the consequences. The only caveat occurs
When a participant reports excessive physical activity that could be unsafe due to medical and
Physical circumstances, such as pre-existing cardiac conditions. In such an instance, the
participant is strongly advised to make changes to ensure safety. Behaviors that are characteristic of the motivational interview style can be learned and skills will develop with practice.
TECHNIQUES OF MOTIVATIONAL INTERVIEWING:
1. Reflective listening to understand what a participant is trying to communicate.
2. Expressing support and acceptance.
3. Eliciting and selectively reinforcing any mention of positive change from the participant.
4. Checking on the participant’s readiness to make changes, making sure not to get ahead of the
Participant or make assumptions about readiness, willingness, and ability to make changes.
5. Encouraging self-determination and problem-solving.
There are four general principles behind Motivational Interviewing:
Empathy involves seeing the world through the client's eyes, thinking about things as the client thinks about them, feeling things as the client feels them, sharing in the client's experiences. Expression of empathy is critical to the MI approach. When clients feel that they are understood, they are more able to open up to their own experiences and share those experiences with others. Having clients share their experiences with you in depth allows you to assess when and where they need support, and what potential pitfalls may need focused on in the change planning process. Importantly, when clients perceive empathy on a counselor's part, they become more open to gentle challenges by the counselor about lifestyle issues and beliefs about substance use. Clients become more Comfortable fully examining their ambivalence about change and less likely to defend ideas like their denial of problems, reducing use vs. abstaining, etc. In short, the counselor's accurate understanding of the client's experience facilitates change.
As noted above, a client's belief that change is possible is an important motivator to succeeding in making a change. As clients are held responsible for choosing and carrying out actions to change in the MI approach, counselors focus their efforts on helping the clients stay motivated, and supporting clients' sense of self-efficacy is a great way to do that. One source of hope for clients using the MI approach is that there is no "right way" to change, and if a given plan for change does not work, clients are only limited by their own creativity as to the number of other plans that might be tried.
The client can be helped to develop a belief that he or she can make a change. For example, the clinician might inquire about other healthy changes the client has made in their life, highlighting skills the client already has. Sharing brief clinical examples of other, similar clients' successes at changing the same habit or problem can sometimes be helpful. In a group setting, the power of having other people who have changed a variety of behaviors during their lifetime gives the clinician enormous assistance in showing that people can change.
Roll with Resistance
In MI, the counselor does not fight client resistance, but "rolls with it." Statements demonstrating resistance are not challenged. Instead the counselor uses the client's "momentum" to further explore the client's views. Using this approach, resistance tends to be decreased rather than increased, as clients are not reinforced for becoming argumentative and playing "devil's advocate" to the counselor's suggestions. MI encourages clients to develop their own solutions to the problems that they themselves have defined. Thus, there is no real hierarchy in the client-counselor relationship for the client to fight against. In exploring client concerns, counselors may invite clients to examine new perspectives, but counselors do not impose new ways of thinking on clients.
"Motivation for change occurs when people perceive a discrepancy between where they are and where they want to be".MI counselors work to develop this situation through helping clients examine the discrepancies between their current behavior and future goals. When clients perceive that their current behaviors are not leading toward some important future goal, they become more motivated to make important life changes. Of course, MI counselors do not develop discrepancy at the expense of the other MI principles, but gently and gradually help clients to see how some of their current ways of being may lead them away from, rather than toward, their eventual goals.
Motivational Interviewing is an empathic, gentle, and skillful style of counseling that helps practitioners have productive conversations with individuals with co-occurring and other disorders.
Essential characteristics of motivational interviewing include:
The processes of change in behaviour strategies
A good start is half work finished, a word or deed of motivation is maximum work finished. Every company today needs a competent person. Thus the level of interviews has been in a dynamic manner. Now a day’s companies are very intelligent enough to motivate candidates and bring out the best in them and then go for the process of selection. This approach brings out the talents of the candidates and helps them to seek a right career.